(2 Kings , Jeremiah 43:5-7) The numbers that made their way to Egypt is subject to debate.In Egypt, they settled in Migdol, Tahpanhes, Noph, and Pathros.It was the expulsion of the Jews from Alexandria (so-called Alexandria Expulsion) in 414 or 415 A. Later violence took on a decidedly anti-Semitic context with calls for ethnic cleansing.Before that time, state/religious-sanctioned claims of a Jewish pariah were not common.(2 Kings -24, Jeremiah 40:6-8) On hearing of the appointment, the Jewish population fled to Moab, Ammon, Edom and in other countries returned to Judah.(Jeremiah -12) However, before long Gedaliah was assassinated, and the population that was left in the land and those that had returned ran away to Egypt for safety.
As a result, Jews from all over the territories of the Ottoman Empire as well as Italy and Greece started to settle in the main cities of Egypt, where they thrived.With them, many other Jews, attracted by the fertile soil and Ptolemy's liberality, emigrated there of their own accord.An inscription recording a Jewish dedication of a synagogue to Ptolemy and Berenice was discovered in the 19th century near Alexandria.Israelites first appear in the archeological record on the Merneptah Stele from between 1208-3 BCE at the end of the Bronze Age.A reasonably Bible-friendly interpretation is that they were a federation of Habiru tribes of the hill-country around the Jordan River.